READING COMPREHENSION STRATEGIES
These prompts can be used as you discuss stories and informational texts with your child.
THINK ALOUD - When readers use this strategy they simply say out loud what they are thinking. Readers also talk about the details of a story and the personalities of the characters.
MAKING PREDICTIONS—good readers make predictions before and during the reading of a selection and then they read on to confirm their predictions. Say to your child.: “What do you will happen next?” RETELLING/NARRATIVE TEXT STRUCTURE—Readers retell stories in a way that make sense. These retellings should include the story parts of narrative text structure-characters, setting, problem, events, solution as well as the main idea.
FIX-UP STRATEGIES Good readers use a variety of fix-up strategies to repair comprehension when they encounter ideas that do not make sense– re-read slowly, use punctuation, look at the picture, think about what you know, read ahead, etc.
MAKING CONNECTIONS: TEXT-TO-SELF, TEXT-TO-TEXT, TEXT-TO-WORLD—Good readers connect events and ideas from the text they are reading to their own lives, to other texts or to the world, to better understand the text they are reading, Say to your child; “What does this remind you of?
ASKING QUESTIONS— Good readers wonder about something they have read. Some questions may be answered in the text, but some may not. When readers ask good questions, the text makes more sense. Remind your child to say: “I wonder (what, how, etc.)...”
INFERRING—Good readers create meaning from the text by combining what they read with what they know to construct meaning that may not be stated in the text. Remind your child to say: “I think...”
VISUALIZING/CREATING SENSORY IMAGES—Good readers make pictures of movies in their minds as theyread. Remind your child to use this strategy by asking: “What do you picture when you/I read this part?”
DETERMINING IMPORTANT IDEAS/INFORMATIONAL TEXT STRUCTURE—Good readers use text features and their understanding of important ideas to focus their reading. Say to your child: “What do you think is important to remember?” Informational or non fiction texts have features that help the reader find specific information (photographs or realistic pictures, table of contents, index, glossary, etc.)
SYNTHESIZING— Good readers use several comprehensions to personalize, summarize, determine themes and make generalizations. Ask your child to summarize the story and think about the author’s message or theme of the story. Say to your child: “Why do you think the author wrote this story? “ or “What is the story really about?” or “What is the message/ lesson?”