Special Education ACRONYMS, TERMS, and DEFINITIONS
For some reason the school system seems to swim in "alphabet soup". Most, if not all, important terms have an acronym attached to them. Below are some of the most common acronyms and what they stand for, to help you more easily wade through the process.
Attention Deficit Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Community Based Instruction
A team of one general education staff person and one special education staff person teaching specific subject matter together. This occurs when the needs of the students can best be met by having two professionals work together in a
regular classroom setting. Students receive general education credit.
Crisis Prevention Institute
Early Childhood Developmental Delayed
Early Childhood Special Education
Early Childhood Program
Extended School Year
Free and Appropriate Public Education
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act
Individualized Education Program
Individualized Education Program Team
This is a committee composed of parents (and any persons invited by the parents that have a valid interest in the student’s education), general and special education staff, diagnostic personnel, and administrators. The purpose
of this committee is to determine a student’s eligibility for special education services and to recommend a specific special education program.
Individualized Family Service Plan
Local Educational Agency
Least Restrictive Environment
To the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities are educated
with children who are not disabled. Special classes, separate schooling, or
other removal of children with disabilities from the regular educational environment occurs only when the nature or severity of the disability is
such that education in regular classes, with the use of accommodations, supplementary aids, and services can not be achieved satisfactorily.
Michigan Department of Education
Manifestation Determination Review
Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team
A minimum of two (2) persons who are responsible for evaluating students suspected of being handicapped or handicapped persons being evaluated.
Other Health Impairment
Parent Advisory Committee
Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance
Review of Existing Evaluation Data
This is the process by which a team of individuals composed of special education personnel, general education personnel, parents, and administrators, discuss areas of concern and evaluative measures necessary.
Specific Learning Disability
Speech and Language Impairment
School Social Work or School Social Worker
Severe Multiple Impairment
Traumatic Brain Injury
Teacher of the Speech and Language Impaired