• Alphabet soup image  

    Special Education ACRONYMS, TERMS, and DEFINITIONS
     

    For some reason the school system seems to swim in "alphabet soup".  Most, if not all, important terms have an acronym attached to them.  Below are some of the most common acronyms and what they stand for, to help you more easily wade through the process.  

    ADD

    Attention Deficit Disorder

    ADHD        

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    ASD  

    Autism Spectrum Disorder

    AT    

    Assistive Technology

    CBI   

    Community Based Instruction

    CI     

    Cognitive Impairment

    Co-Teaching/

    Team Teaching

    Co-Teaching/Team Teaching

    A team of one general education staff person and one special education staff person teaching specific subject matter together. This occurs when the needs of the students can best be met by having two professionals work together in a

    regular classroom setting. Students receive general education credit.

    CPI   

    Crisis Prevention Institute

    ECDD        

    Early Childhood Developmental Delayed

    ECSE

    Early Childhood Special Education

    ECP  

    Early Childhood Program

    EI     

    Emotional Impairment

    ESY  

    Extended School Year

    FAPE

    Free and Appropriate Public Education

    HI     

    Hearing Impairment

    IDEA 

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

    IDEIA        

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act

    IEP   

    Individualized Education Program

    IEPT 

    Individualized Education Program Team

    This is a committee composed of parents (and any persons invited by the parents that have a valid interest in the student’s education), general and special education staff, diagnostic personnel, and administrators. The purpose

    of this committee is to determine a student’s eligibility for special education services and to recommend a specific special education program.

    IFSP 

    Individualized Family Service Plan

    LD    

    Learning Disability

    LEA  

    Local Educational Agency

    LRE           

    Least Restrictive Environment

    To the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities are educated

    with children who are not disabled. Special classes, separate schooling, or

    other removal of children with disabilities from the regular educational environment occurs only when the nature or severity of the disability is

    such that education in regular classes, with the use of accommodations, supplementary aids, and services can not be achieved satisfactorily. 

    MDE 

    Michigan Department of Education

    MDR 

    Manifestation Determination Review

    MET           

    Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team

    A minimum of two (2) persons who are responsible for evaluating students suspected of being handicapped or handicapped persons being evaluated.

    OHI  

    Other Health Impairment

    OT    

    Occupational Therapy

    PAC  

    Parent Advisory Committee

    PLAAFP

    Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance

    PI     

    Physical Impairment

    PT    

    Physical Therapy

    REED

    Review of Existing Evaluation Data

    This is the process by which a team of individuals composed of special education personnel, general education personnel, parents, and administrators, discuss areas of concern and evaluative measures necessary.

    RR    

    Resource Room

    SE    

    Special Education

    SLD

    Specific Learning Disability

    SLI   

    Speech and Language Impairment

    SSW 

    School Social Work or School Social Worker

    SXI   

    Severe Multiple Impairment

    TBI   

    Traumatic Brain Injury

    TC    

    Teacher Consultant

    TSLI 

    Teacher of the Speech and Language Impaired

    VI     

    Visual Impairment