• Developmental Milestones

     

    Developmental milestones are important indicators of a child's growth and development.  Listed below are age groups paired with various milestones that children generally achieve by particular ages.  Click on the age groups below that you are interested in learning about.

    kids playing in sand table

     

    0-3 months old

    2-3 years old

    3-6 months old

    3-4 years old

    6-12 months old

    4-5 years old

    1-2 years old

    5-6years old

     

    Age

    Physical Development

    Self Help Skills

    Social-Emotional Skills

    Communication Skills

    Cognitive Skills

    0 - 3 Months

     

     

     

     

    Reflexive grasp

    Lifts head

    Sucks well from breast or bottle

    Coordinates sucking, swallowing and breathing

    Social smile

    Stops crying when picked up and held

    Differentiated cry when  tired, hungry, or in pain

    Coos when talked to

    Visually recognizes parent

    Visually tracks moving objects or faces 8- 10 inches away

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Age

    Physical Development

    Self Help Skills

    Social-Emotional Skills

    Communication Skills

    Cognitive Skills

    3 - 6 Months

    Lifts head and chest off surface, supporting weight on elbows or hands

    Rolls from stomach to back

    Brings feet to mouth

    Reaches and grasps rattle

    Brings hand to mouth to explore  toys or 
    objects

    Comforts self by sucking thumb or pacifier
     

    Discriminates strangers

    Creates social contact by reaching

    Enjoys social play, like tickling, "This Little Piggie", etc.

    Turns head toward speaker

    Laughs out loud

    Squeals

    Drops toy and looks for it

    Finds toy that is partially hidden

    Resists removal of toy

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Age

    Physical Development

    Self Help Skills

    Social-Emotional Skills

    Communication Skills

    Cognitive Skills

    6 -12 Months

     

    Sits alone

    Creeps on hands and knees

    Bounces when supported in standing position

    Pulls self to stand

    Transfers toy from one hand to another

    Takes steps  holding on to furniture

    Stands alone, momentarily 

    Bangs two blocks together 

    Picks up cheerio with thumb and index finger

    Retrieves lost bottle or pacifier

    Holds own bottle 

    Feeds self cracker

    "Helps" with dressing by extending an arm or leg

    Understands no

    Lifts arms to parents 

    Plays simple games- peek-a-boo, and pat-a-cake, "so big"

    Demonstrates stranger anxiety 

    Smiles, laughs or pats image in mirror


    Performs for social attention

    Gives toy to adult upon request

    Laughs out loud

    Babbles

    Vocalizes to toys and people

    Turns when called by name

    Waves and claps on demand

    Articulates most speech sounds

    Uses "dada" and "mama" as names

    Responds to "no"

    Plays with toy 2-3 minutes

    Imitates familiar gestures

    Finds toys that are completely hidden

    Pulls string horizontally to obtain toy

    Rolls, crawls, or steps to get toy placed beyond reach

    Explores "cause and effect" - bangs, drops and throws toys 

    Looks at picture in books
     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Age

    Physical Development

    Self Help Skills

    Social-Emotional Skills

    Communication Skills

    Cognitive Skills

    1 - 2 Years

    Drops blocks into container 

    Imitates scribble

    Stacks 2-6 cubes

    Walks, climbs and runs well

    Throws and kicks ball

    Walks upstairs holding rail

    Spoon feeds and uses cup, with some spilling 

    Gives up bottle

    Beginning interest in toileting - may sit briefly on toilet

    Removes hat and socks
     

    Recognizes self in mirror

    Plays near (parallel) other children

    Enjoys simple make believe play

    Helps clean up

    Has tantrums
     

    Indicates wants by pointing

    Points to 1-3 body parts when asked

    Says up to 50 words 

    Follows simple directions 
     

    Explores cabinets and drawers

    Gives toy to someone to wind up

    Looks at picture books with adult pointing or naming objects

    Demonstrates use of familiar objects -cup, brush, bottle
     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Age

    Physical Development

    Self Help Skills

    Social-Emotional Skills

    Communication Skills

    Cognitive Skills

    2 - 3 Years

     

     

    Imitates circle, vertical, horizontal, and cross strokes

    Snips with scissors

    Strings large beads

    Builds nine cube tower

    Walks up and down steps alternating feet

    Pedals tricycle

    Catches a ball

    Dresses and undresses, but needs help with fasteners

    Gives full name when asked

    Uses fork

    Initiates toileting needs - but still has "accidents"

    Tries to wash self
     

    Insists on trying to do things independently

    Begins cooperative play

    Understands turn taking

    With reminders says "please and thank you"

    Plays alone, but prefers to have an audience
     

    Uses 3 word sentences

    Understands 500 to 900 and says 200 to 500 words 

    Explains use for 3 objects

    Understands  "big" and "little"

    Answers/asks "what" and "where" questions
     

    Rote counts to 5

    Understands 
    "one" and "two"

    Matches  shapes/ colors 

    Stacks ring on peg in size order

    Matches objects to picture

    Completes 3-4 piece puzzle
     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Age

    Physical Development

    Self Help Skills

    Social-Emotional Skills

    Communication Skills

    Cognitive Skills

    3 - 4 Years

    Balances on one foot without support

    Hops on 1 foot

    Climbs ladder on playground equipment

    Cuts on straight or curved line with scissors

    Forms simple shapes out of clay

    Pours liquids

    Manipulates large buttons and snaps

    Washes and dries hands and face

    Brushes teeth with prompts

    Does simple errands and chores
     

    Begins cooperative play 

    Shares toys

    Shows affection to younger children

    States whether boy or girl

    Spontaneous social greetings

    Shows empathy for others
     

    Talks about daily events

    Responds to 2-3 unrelated commands

    Knows in front and behind

    Uses 4-5 words per sentence
     

    Understands "more"

    States primary colors

    Builds bridges with blocks

    Counts 5 objects

    Draws face

    Sorts shapes and colors

    States full name and age

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Age

    Physical Development

    Self Help Skills

    Social-Emotional Skills

    Communication Skills

    Cognitive Skills

    4 - 5 Years

     

     

     

     

    Strings small beads 

    Copies a square

    Completes an 8 piece puzzle w/out trial and error

    Pumps themselves on a swing

    Uses mature grasp with pencil
     

    Dresses without assistance

    Laces shoes and zips zipper efficiently
     

    Toilets independently

    Combs and brushes hair 

    Brushes teeth
     

    Indicates feelings of being sorry

    Plays dress up

    Performs for others-rhymes, sings, or dances

    Prefers interactive play

    Shows concern and sympathy

    Plays group games with simple rules

    Uses possessives

    Understands concepts-between, below, top, unlike.

    Uses complex sentences

    Uses contractions

    Tells familiar stories w/out picture cues
     

    States street name and town

    States what will happen next

    Understands number quantities to 3 

    Classifies objects

    Identifies a few written words

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Age

    Physical Development

    Self Help Skills

    Social-Emotional Skills

    Communication Skills

    Cognitive Skills

    5- 6 Years

    Demonstrates hand dominance

    Colors within lines

    Completes a maze

    Cuts out simple shapes

    Jumps rope independently
     

    Prepares simple meals

    Takes care of dressing needs

    Bathes independently
     

    Expresses feelings

    Comforts friends in distress

    Likes competitive games

    Understands rules of fair play
     

    Understands 13,000 words

    Understands opposites

    States how objects are same/different

    Uses all pronouns

    Understands more concepts- yesterday, tomorrow

    Matches letters

    Identifies most letters

    Identifies the numbers 1-10

    States the days of the week in order

    Points to coins when named